The general theme for the Summit is “The transition to sustainable cities and territories, the role of African local and regional authorities”. This theme reconciles the need to provide concrete responses to the demands of the populations for the improvement of their conditions and living environment, with the need to adapt to an environment marked by climate change and the growing divorce between expansive growth models and the impossibility of continuing to borrow from natural resources at the rate that such models do impose, under threat of jeopardizing the lives of future generations. Africa will become the world’s largest home to humans in just less than two generations. The continent can and must take the path of sustainable development now, especially in its cities and territories, because it is the region of the world that is the least entrenched in the globalized economy, and therefore most likely to branch off to a more sober economy in terms of borrowing and discharges into the natural environment, an economy that is fairer and more socially inclusive.
Introduced by Parks Tau, President of UCLG, and by Jean Pierre Elong Mbassi, Secretary General of UCLG Africa, the meeting of mayors has made it possible to take stock of the preparatory process for the creation of the African Cities Development Fund – ACDF. The mayors and presidents of local authorities had decided to do this in Africities 7.
Parks Tau clarified the vision he had introduced in his introductory address of the Africities 8 summit, detailing the reasons and the main steps to establish the fund. The autonomous access of cities to financing is a major challenge for real decentralization.
The 40 participants validated the main conclusions stemming from the work of expert groups and from the meetings with potential partners, including African development banks. These options are :
– The choice of an organization that will ensure the control of mayors and presidents of local authorities over the fund and the independence of financial management from any political pressure. This management will be provided by professionals from the banking sector.
– The importance of pooling resources in all the dimensions of the management of the fund.
– The high priority given to securing excellent financial credibility, as a condition of access to the financial markets at competitive rates.
– The need for close cooperation with institutions and programs that support local authorities to improve their financial management.
– The indispensable support of States to authorize and facilitate the participation of cities and local authorities in the fund: subscription to the capital and then loans.
The exchange of views and ideas made it possible to specify points of attention, to be treated within the framework of the financial, legal and taxation studies which must now be conducted.
The participants validated the roadmap in all its components.
The steering and financing of the stage that will lead to the start of operations within 4 years will be provided by a club of founding cities and local authorities.
In the framework of the organization of Africities 8 Summit, which will be held under the High Patronage of His Majesty King Mohammed VI, from 20 to 24 November 2018 in Marrakech, UCLG Africa and the “Initiatives Climat” Association organize the “Climate Initiatives Awards 2018 – African Local Government Authorities “. The theme of the Africities 2018 Summit is: “The transition to sustainable cities and territories: The role of Local and Sub- national governments of Africa.”
The Awards are for African Local and Sub- national governments which are carrying out initiatives to tackle the negative effects of climate change in Africa (adaptation and mitigation).
The competition is open to three categories of local government:
– Small Cities: less than 20,000 inhabitants,
-Intermediary Cities: From 20,000 to 100,000 inhabitants
-Big Cities: More than 100,000 inhabitants.
Local authorities wishing to compete in the Awards are required to submit a ‘Climate Initiative’ by completing the online form available here.
Only eligible projects that are included in the online database may take part in the Awards. It is the responsibility of participating local authorities to ensure that they receive an acknowledgement of submission after sending their application to the Coordinators via the website or via its email address (email@example.com). Each local authority may only compete in a single category.
The jury will select nine nominees, three nominees per each category. The nine selected initiatives will then be submitted to the delegates of the Africities 2018 Summit to vote the winner of each category. The nine nominees are supported (one person per municipality) to participate in the Africities summit from 20 to 24 November 2018. A trophy will be awarded to all winners at the Africities summit gala dinner on 24 November 2018.
Applications should be sent to the Coordinators no later than 29 October 2018, at midnight (GMT Time).
The names of the 9 nominees will be announced by the jury in the beginning of November 2018.
UCLG Africa invited its members to participate actively by submitting initiatives led by their municipalities.
The 8th edition of the Africities Summit will take place from November 20-24, 2018 in Marrakesh, Morocco, under the theme: “The transition to sustainable cities and territories: The role of Local and Sub- national governments of Africa.” The Africities summit is the flagship event of the pan African Organization United Cities and Local Governments of Africa (UCLG Africa). The summit is held every three years in one of the five regions on the continent.
The Africities 2018 Summit will be organized by the Kingdom of Morocco, UCLG Africa, and the Moroccan Association of Presidents of Municipal Councils (AMPCC). 5000 participants are expected at the event, representing all the stakeholders of African local life as well as their partners from other regions of the world, including: The Ministers (for local governments), The Ministers for housing and urban development, public service, finance, leaders and officials of city and subnational governments, representatives of the business sector, civil society organizations and trade unions; traditional and moral authorities, researchers and academia, development partners and international cooperation agencies, among others. For this edition, a special focus will be given to youth.
To ensure that the voice of youth is heard, UCLG Africa has joined forces with BEES 55, a solidarity network that focuses on programs that create jobs and develops entrepreneurs, to organize the Youth Forum-Creative Lab. UN Habitat – Safer Cities Program, and UNESCO – Science, Technology and Innovation have also pledged their support for Africities Youth Forum.
In the framework of the 2018 Africities Summit Youth Forum, a competition has been launched that is open to young Africans. It aims is to harvest as many ideas as possible that will accelerate the transition towards sustainable cities and territories in Africa, targeting the main Global Agendas (Agenda 2030 of the United Nations for the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); Agenda 2063 of the African Union for the realization of “The Africa We Want,” and the five priorities (High Five) proposed by the African Development Bank to accelerate its implementation). Its main objectives are to contribute to find the best strategies to improve the living conditions of Africans and define solutions to accelerate the dynamic of integration, peace building and unity on the continent, starting from its territories.
The Youth Forum is open to young Africans aged between 15 and 35, from Africa and from the Diaspora. The competition aims to select 20 young Africans who will be invited, free of charge, to the 2018 Africities Summit, where they will participate in a Creativity Lab consisting of a Cartoon Camp Challenge and a Virtual Reality Contest. The topic will be “Imagine a sustainable future for Africa and its cities and territories, in 2030 and 2063.”
Those selected to participate in the Creative Young Innovators Lab will be required to work during the first 4 days of Africities (from November 20 to 23, 2018) in:
- The Cartoon Camp Challenge; helping the participants to project themselves into the future. The Cartoon Camp promotes a mindset conducive to innovation. Building dreams is at the root of any innovation project. The Cartoon Camp will help participants to think about smart cities and smart economies based on African values and ways to produce an adequate standard of living for Africans. The Cartoon Camp will allow young people to think about Africa with all its imperfections and all its qualities and to suggest solutions inspired by local know-how and also by new technologies. Projects may concern: the organization of city systems in different countries or the continent as a whole; spatial planning or organization of a city in a country of interest; proposals for different types of construction, buildings, housing, equipment, street furniture or any other product, that highlights a dynamic, sustainable development, takes into account the latest technological developments, and respect the most fundamental African values.
- The Virtual Reality Contest that will consist of a hackathon competition. Participants will conceptualize, create and plan prototypes of IT solutions to speed up the transition towards sustainable cities and territories in Africa, with priority given to the following areas: energy solutions, food security, access to water and sanitation services, waste management and waste valorisation, development and maintenance of infrastructure for transport, mobility and telecommunication, tourism, culture and heritage, education, health systems, other solutions…
The qualified prototypes will then be submitted to the Africities 2018 delegates for the selection of the 3 best projects from the Creative Lab, Virtual Reality Category. Submissions will take place during the AWARD Ceremony of the closing Gala Dinner on November 24, 2018. For each category, 3 laureates of the Africities 2018 Young Innovators will receive respectively: • 1st Position: 5,000 euros • 2nd Position: 3,000 euros • 3rd Position: 1,500 euros. In addition, the winner of each category (1st Position) will benefit from a 1-year mentoring program to further develop their projects with the assistance of senior professionals identified by the organizers. It’s time for youth to make a change on the continent.
How to submit?
- File a candidature registration form
- Send a 4 page storyboard explaining your ideas, with an annex of support illustrations that may include drawings, plans, diagrams, virtual images, IT tools, etc., depending on the category you are entering, (Cartoon Camp or Virtual Reality).
- The storyboard and annexes must be received no later than September 30, 2018 at 17:00 GMT.
October 15, 2018, the Jury, selected by the organizers, will announce the final results of the competition.
Watch the video presentation of submission.
Enclosure: Competition rules
For more information, please contact:
Gaëlle Yomi: Phone + 212 610 56 71 45
The theme of the Africities Summit 8
The Africities 8 Summit, which is the eighth edition of the Pan-African Days of Local and Territorial Authorities, will take place in Marrakesh, Morocco, from November 20 to November 24, 2018 . It will be themed: ” The transition to sustainable cities and territories, the role of African local governments”.
The goal of the Africities Summit 8 is establish a link between the vision of the long-term and the actions to be carried out in the immediate future, given the current situation of the continent. Africities 8 will take as a starting point the situation of Africa in globalization and urbanization; will shed light on the dimensions of the transition from the current changes, and will focus on the role and strategy of African territorial Governments in the transition. In order to identify the mutations that define the dimensions of the transition, Africités 8 adopts the following themes : the ecological transition ; economic and social transition ; the geopolitical transition ; the political and democratic transition ; and the cultural, scientific and ideological transition. The challenge for African local governments is to define and implement a new articulation, at the local level, between institutions, populations and territories. (One can refer to the concept note of Africities 8 : www. africities.org )
The Africities Summit seeks to achieve two major goals : to define appropriate and shared strategies to improve the living conditions of local populations; and to contribute to integration, peace and unity of Africa from the grassroots. Its goal is to connect a rigorous understanding of the likely future trends with a strategic discussion on what needs to be done locally, immediately, to meet the urgency of access to basic services, housing, mobility and transport, and to promote opportunities for the development of economic activities and employment , and other fields.
The Africities Summit has always been a great opportunity for the meeting of local and territorial elected representatives in Africa. Its ambition is to echo the voice of leaders of local and regional governments who administer the 15,000 territorial governments of Africa .
The history of The Africities Summits
Africities materializes a choice and a will. It is about strengthening the role of local authorities in the continent’s development and to help build Africa from these communities. This project is deployed through the successive Africités summits and the subjects that were treated during such summits. The Africities 8 Summit is part of the succession of Africities that took place in the five sub-regions of Africa.
Africities 1, in Abidjan in January 1998, had as its theme : Recognizing the essential role of local governments in Africa’s development.
Africities 2, Windhoek, May 2000, was themed : Financing African local governments to ensure the sustainable development of the continent.
Africities 3, in Yaoundé, in December 2003, had as its theme : Accelerating access to basic services within African local governments.
Africities 4, Nairobi, September 2006, had as its theme : Building local coalitions to achieve the Millennium Development Goals within African local governments.
Africities 5, Marrakech, December 2009, was themed : The response of African local and territorial authorities to the global crisis : promotion of sustainable local development and employment.
Africities 6, in Dakar, in December 2012, had as its theme : Building Africa from its territories : what challenges for local governments ?
Africities 7 in Johannesburg in November 2015, had as its theme : Building the future of Africa with the populations: the contribution of local governments to Agenda 2063..
The global context
The Africities 8 Summit is part of an international context that weighs on African development. The new context is marked by great uncertainties. Several questions must be taken into account :
• The global crisis is deepening and structural imbalances are continuing. A first question concerning the future concerns Africa’s place in contemporary globalization and its crisis.
• The context is also characterized by a geopolitical, economic, social and cultural reorganization of the different major regions of the world related to their specific evolutions. A second question concerns the specificities of the evolution of Africa among the major regions of the world.
• The last decades have been marked by contradictions related to the dynamics of democratization on a global scale. A third question concerns the forms that democratization will take in Africa.
• Analyzing those issues by taking the territories as a point of entry helps to rethink and redefine the dynamics of African integration and unity. With decentralization and the creation of regional groupings, public governance is becoming more complex. A fourth question concerns the articulation of the different levels of governance : the scale of the African continent, the scale of the five sub-regions of the African continent, the national scale of African States , and the scale of local and territorial governments.
• Analyzing those issues by taking the territories as a point of entry also makes it possible to connect populations, activities, ecosystems and institutions . Globalization attempts to spread the same development model that is not sustainable from an ecosystem perspective and is not acceptable from an equity perspective. A fifth question concerns the possibility for Africa to acquire modes of development and transformation of African societies that are more sustainable and fairer.
The architecture of the Africities Summit 8
The Africities 8 Summit aims to address all these questions by relocating them, in the long term, in the context of the transition to sustainable cities and territories.
From November 20 to November 24, 2018 , the Africities 8 Summit will host, in Marrakech, Morocco , more than 5 000 people. The participants will represent all the protagonists of African local life as well as their partners from other regions of the world : Ministers responsible for Local Governments, Housing, Urban Development, and the Public Service ; people in charge of African institutions ; local authorities and local elected officials ; central and local government officials ; civil society organizations, associations and unions ; economic operators in the public and private sectors and the social and solidarity-based economy ; traditional authorities ; researchers , scientists and members of the academia ; international cooperation agencies ; and African citizens . Africities 8 will host more than 500 exhibitors.
The Africities 8 Summit is organized in three segments :
- The thematic sessions make it possible to deepen the theme of the transition towards sustainable cities and territories as well as the development of the policies and strategies of the African territorial collectivities to answer the needs of the populations in the concrete situations.
- Open sessions allow different networks of African local authorities or institutions or organizations wishing to work with African territorial authorities to present their proposals and contribute to the thinking process.
- Political sessions that synthesize the summit include the political meeting of the mayors and of the local authorities ; of the ministers ; of the development partners ; and a political dialogue meeting between mayors, ministers and development partners.
The Africities 8 Exhibition
From November 20 to November 23, 2018, the “Africities 8 Exhibition” will take place, within the framework of the Summit. Exhibition booths will be offered to local authorities, associations of local authorities, international institutions and cooperation, public and private companies, banks and financial institutions, consulting or research firms, universities and training institutions working or wish to work with African local authorities . Information workshops and debates will be proposed at the initiative of exhibitors or organizers of the Exhibition. A project exchange forum will be set up to link the demands expressed by African local authorities with the exhibitors’ proposals.
Some exceptional events
Several events of great importance will take place throughout Africities 8 . Among them, one can already mention:
the the elective General Assembly of UCLG-Africa; the Meeting of African Ministers Members of the Specialized Technical Committee of the African Union on the Public Service, Urban Development, Local Authorities and Decentralization (STC8); the tripartite political dialogue meeting between mayors, ministers, and development partners; the Elective General Assembly of REFELA (Network of African Local elected Women); the Meeting of Former African Heads of State as Honorary Members of UCLG Africa; meetings of African elected representatives with the Chinese, Latin American, European, Turkish elected officials …; the forum on the issue of migration; the presentation of the United Nations report on Afro-descendants; the organization of an inter-African fellowship for decentralized cooperation; the special events of Moroccan cities; the award ceremony for the best African mayor and the best participatory budget in Africa; B2B meetings within the framework of the projects grant organized within the Salon; the Forum on the construction of local coalitions between local authorities and local stakeholders; the Meeting of Large African Enterprises and Leaders of Local Authorities in Africa; the elective assemblies of professional networks of territorial administrations of Africa (City managers and directors of services, directors or heads of financial services, directors or heads of technical services, Human Resource managers); the Meeting of Traditional Authorities; Meeting of the African Media Network for Local Development (MADEL).
These events, as well as the activities of Africities 8, will be relayed by Africities’ internal communication tools. : The Africities-Daily newspaper distributed every morning in the hotels and within the venue of the Summit ; Africities TV and Radio Africities ; the daily press conference ; specific press briefings ; the Africities website and the UCLG Africa Portal; the Facebook and Twitter social networks, and other networks.
Africities 8’s communication will also be provided by national and international media.
PREPARATION OF THE SESSIONS OF THE AFRICITIES SUMMIT 8
The sessions of the Africities 8 Summit will be structured as follows :
Each session will last three hours. Speeches are limited to one hour (60 min). An hour and a half (90 minutes) will be devoted to debates and exchanges with the audience. The last half hour (30 min) will be dedicated to the adoption of resolutions and recommendations to be submitted to political sessions (mayors, ministers, African institutions, development partners).
Each session will be coordinated by a chair who will be an African mayor, a facilitator and a rapporteur. This team will be proposed by the entity in charge of the preparation and organization of the session, in consultation with the UCLG-A secretariat. The discussion will be introduced by 3 to 4 speakers including 2 mayors and 1 or 2 other speakers representing institutions, experts or other categories of stakeholders.
The preparation of the Africities 8 Summit sessions will be done in three main stages, followed by a final report :
Step 1 : (Deadline : June 15, 2018 )
- Identificationandselection of the structures associated with the preparation and coordination of each session (identification before May 30, 2018 )
- Confirmation of the operators (stakeholders) by UCLGAfricaand of the partnership agreements.
2nd step : (Deadline : July 15, 2018 )
- Short presentationof the session: theme, sales pitch about the interest of the session , the major issues discussed , the great experiences presented . (2 pages)
- Presentation of the programof the session: the organization of time , the nature and the theme of the interventions (presentations) , indications concerning the themes . ( 1 page)
- The names of the Chair, of the moderator andof the rapporteur (with support from UCLGAfrica , especially for the identification of African mayors associated with the session)
- Opening of one page per session on the web site.
Step 3 : (Deadline: September 15, 2018 )
- Presentation sheet of the session for the public program with all the speakers (1page)(for August 15, 2018)
- Summary of the introductory report of the session (3 to 5 pages)
- Project of draft resolutions andrecommendations (addressed to mayors , ministers, African institutions , development partners, etc.)
And also :
- Otherreports presentedby the speakers (1 page per report)
- CVsand photos ofthe coordinators ( chair, moderator , rapporteur ) and of the speakers.
- Short presentation of the organizers ofthe session( e. the institution , its goals and its activities );
- requirementsin terms oflogistics for conducting the session;
- Proposalsin terms of communicationbefore, during and after the Summit (wishes expressed in terms of interviews ,key messages to be developed, projects to be promoted , African leaders to be presented – providing for a short presentation note on these leaders for the media );
- Participation in theAfricities Exhibition(booths, debates , etc.)
- Any otherrelevant questionto be asked.
Step 4 : (Deadline: January 30, 2019 )
- Minutesand final reportof the session
- Firstevaluation report.
ARCHITECTURE OF THE AFRICITIES 8 SUMMIT
The regional strategic meeting of the United Cities and Local Governments of Africa (UCLG Africa) for the Eastern Africa Region will be held at the Intercontinental Hotel in Nairobi, Kenya, on April 9th and 10th, 2018. The meeting is organized by UCLG Africa, the Pan African representative and the voice of local governments on the continent in collaboration with the Council of Governors (COG) of Kenya.
Kenya’s capital, will kick-start a series of UCLG Africa strategic meetings that will take place across the five regions of Africa (North Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, Eastern Africa, Southern Africa). As the representative voice of local authorities on the continent, UCLG Africa aims to:
1. Take stock of the state of decentralization in the different regions and address the priorities of the decentralization agenda in the regions
2. Deliberate on the priority actions required to support local governments to become reliable partners for national governments; the regional economic communities; other development partners and stakeholders.
The meetings will address specific issues such as:
• Updating the UCLG Africa members in the region on the Global and African Agendas and the involvement of local governments in their implementation, especially the African Union Agenda 2063, the New Urban Agenda, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Climate Change Agenda, and The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction;
• The status of the signature and ratification of the African Charter on the Values and Principles of Decentralization, Local Governance and Local Development in the different countries of Eastern Africa
• The participation of the UCLG Africa members in Eastern Africa in the preparation and implementation of the Africities 2018 Summit, the flagship event of UCLG Africa, which will be held from November 20 – 24, 2018 in Marrakesh (Kingdom of Morocco), around the theme: “The transition towards sustainable cities and territories: The role of African local governments.”
• The preparation and participation of the members of the Eastern Africa Region in the Elective General Assembly of UCLG Africa to be held on 23 November in the framework of the Africities Summit.
The official opening of the meeting will be chaired by Mr.Festus Mwangi Kiunjuri, Cabinet Secretary, Ministry of Devolution and Planning, representative of the Minister, in the presence of:
• His Excellency, Governor Josephat Nanok Koli – Chairperson Council of Governors
• Mr. David Andre, Mayor of Victoria Seychelles, UCLG Africa Vice President, Eastern Africa Region
• Mr. Jean Pierre Elong Mbassi, Secretary General of UCLG Africa.
The meeting will be attended by the presidents of the national associations of local governments, leaders of the Network of Locally Elected Women (REFELA) and the permanent secretaries of national associations of local governments. Other participants in the meeting will include experts on decentralization, urbanization and climate change.
The national and international media based in Kenya are invited to cover the opening ceremony this Monday, April 09, 2018 at 09:00 am at the InterContinental Hotel, Nairobi and the closing press briefing on Tuesday, April 10 at the same venue at 05:00 pm.
The upcoming UCLG Africa regional strategic meetings will take place respectively in Libreville (Gabon), on 16 – 17 April 2018, for the Central Africa Region; Walvis-Bay (Namibia) on 7 – 8 May 2018, for the Southern Africa Region; Accra (Ghana) on 28 – 29, May 2018, for the West Africa Region; and Rabat (Morocco) on 18 -19 June 2018, for the North Africa Region.
For further information, please contact:
Gaëlle Yomi: Tel: + 212 610 56 71 45
The fourth edition of the Crans Montana Forum,an International Conference on Global Urban Management on “Africa and South-South Cooperation,”was held in Dakhla (Morocco), March 15–20,2018.
Themeeting, held on March 17,had the participation of several African metropolises who met with their counterparts and shared their knowledge and expertise on urban development, urban planning, housing, mobility, waste and waste water treatment, sustainable development and urban security.
Theconference waschaired by Mr. Mohamed Boudra, President of the Moroccan Association of Presidents of Municipal Councils (AMPCC) andwas moderated by Mr. Jean-Pierre Elong Mbassi, Secretary General of the United Cities and Local Governments of Africa (UCLG Africa).
Presidents from the local governments associations andPan-African Councils of UCLG Africatook part in theinternational conference, which addressed the issue of urban development: an unavoidable human evolution,given the ongoing rural exodusand a key challenge for Africatoday.
The Secretary General highlighted 4 key points when discussing the importance of involving local authorities in the implementation of urbanization projects in Africa:
- “It is imperative that cities areplanned, so that we know where we are going. We must have strategic thoughts. By planning cities, we must be concerned about the SDGs and the participation of people becausewhat you do for me without me, you do against me.”
- “We need to be concerned with how local authorities are funded. Both largeand small cities. We must leave no one behind following the leitmotiv of the international community.”
- “If we do not put in place institutional systems, legal systems and necessary human resources, it will remain in the field of discourse. Cooperation addressesthese exchanges both in the legislative and financial capacity-building field so that each local government gradually reaches a level of control of its development.”
- “The South/South cooperation is the future, because Africa is the future of the world. Africa will have 4 billion inhabitants in 2100:40% of mankind. It is now that Africa must be prepared to assume its responsibilities.”
ThePresident of AMPCC, Mr. Mohamed Boudra asserted, “We can say that the future of Africa will dependupon urban and youth policies. Thesepolicies need to be carried out in cooperation. Mayors and citizens must be at the center of all these policies: Not alone, but together as governments, ministries, experts and academics. We need to strengthen South/South cooperation. Money is better managed locally because it falls under the control of the population.”
Royal support to UCLG Africa and an invitation to the Africities 2018 Summit
During the opening ceremony of the forum, the royal speech was read by the President of Dakhla, demonstrating that, “Morocco’s option for advanced regionalization is extremely assertive. According to the Secretary General:
“It means that His Majesty wishes that the implementation of development in Moroccoshould start from its territories. It is a very strong political sign that also addresses the whole of Africa. Africa will develop from its territories.There is a strong delegation of African mayors and presidents of African regions present here in Dakhla. I am very pleased that this message is visible and I am honored that the King has mentioned our organization,UCLG Africa, in his speech. This year’s Crans Montana meeting marks a turning point for South/South cooperation, particularly inter-territory cooperation and advanced regionalization. Decentralization is about empowering people through the elect to manage their daily lives. Somewhere, Morocco is exemplary in this movement that will take time to succeed.” (Interview given to Medi1 TV).
The Secretary General also announced the organizing of the Forum of African Regions at the Africities summit in Marrakech from November 20-24,2018.
The summit, organized every 3 years by UCLG Africa, the oriental region of Morocco and the Association of the Regions of Morocco (Morocco) are to pilot the forum. The full interview of Mr. Mbassi is available here in French.
The President of the AMPCC, Mohamed Boudra, promised that the International Conference on Global Urban Management would continue at the Africities Summit in Marrakech.
The local elected women’s network of REFELA also took part in the session on March 16, 2018on women’s integration in the political, social and economic decision making processes. Mrs. Jacqueline Moustache Belle, former mayor of Victoria (Seychelles), shared her experience as a local elected woman and the REFELA vision that has been advocated since 2011.